Sea Turtle

The green sea turtle is a large sea turtle of the family Cheloniidae. It is the only species in this genus. Its range extends throughout tropical and subtropical seas around the world, with two distinct population s in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The common name comes from the unusually green fat found beneath its carapace.

Like other sea turtles green sea turtles migrate long distances between feeding grounds and hatching beaches. Many islands worldwide are known as Turtle Islands due to green sea turtles nesting on their beaches. Females crawl out on beaches, dig nests and lay eggs during the night. Later, hatchlings emerge and scramble into the water. Those that reach maturity may live to eighty years in the wild.

C. mydas is listed as endangered and is protected from exploitation in most countries. It is illegal to collect, harm or kill them. In addition, many countries have laws and ordinances to protect nesting areas.

 

© Wayne Garber 2014 © Wayne Garber 2014 © Wayne Garber 2014
Green Sea Turtle on Black Matting< /em> Zoomed Detail Green Sea Turtle on White Matting< /em>

 

Blue-Ringed Octopus

Three, perhaps four, species that live in tide pools and coral reefs in the Pacific and Indian oceans from Japan to Australia.

They are recognized as some of the world’s most venomous marine animals. Despite their small size (will fit in the palm of your hand and weigh about as much as a golf ball) and relatively docile natures, they can prove a danger to humans.

The octopus produces venom containing tetrodotoxin that is 1200 times more toxic than cyanide. Their venom can result in nausea, respiratory arrest, heart failure, severe and sometimes total paralysis and blindness and can lead to death within minutes, The blue ringed octopus carries enough venom to kill 26 adult humans within minutes. Their bites are tiny and often painless, with many victims not realizing they have been envenomed until respiratory depression and paralysis start in.

 

© Wayne Garber 2014 © Wayne Garber 2014 © Wayne Garber 2014
Blue-Ringed Octopus on Black Matting Zoomed Detail Blue-Ringed Octopus on White Matting

 

Jellyfish

Jellyfish or jellies are the major non-polyp form of individuals of the phylum cnidaria. They are typified as free-swimming marine animals consisting of a gelatinous umbrella-shaped bell and trailing tentacles. The bell can pulsate for locomotion, while the stinging tentacles can be used to capture prey.

Jellyfish are among the most spectacular marine species in the world. They can be found in all of the seas and oceans of the world at every level of the water, from the surfaces to the very depths. Different species thrive under different climatic conditions and the jellies are known to exist in the coldest waters of the arctic to the warm waters of the equator.

Very few species of animal are able to survive across different climatic conditions, and most species can only be found in specific locations under specific conditions. Not so for the jellies; they thrive just about everywhere.

 

© Wayne Garber 2014 © Wayne Garber 2014 © Wayne Garber 2014
Jellyfish on Black Matting Zoomed Detail Jellyfish on White Matting

 

Seahorse

Seahorse is the name given to 54 species of small marine fishes in the genus Hippocampus. “Hippocampus” comes from the Ancient Greek hippos meaning “horse” and kampos meaning “sea monster”. Having a head and neck suggestive of a horse, seahorses also feature segmented bony armour, an upright posture and a curled prehensile tail.

 

© Wayne Garber 2014 © Wayne Garber 2014
Seahorse on Black Matting Seahorse on White Matting